Gujarat Reservation stir: ​Where do the fault lines lie?

Gujarat Reservation stir: ​Where do the fault lines lie?

 

Why in News?

  • Agitation in Gujarat for Patidars reservation, 9 people died till date and Gujarat government seems in no mood to grant reservation to patidars.
  • Patidars are almost 20% population of Gujarat and considered among one of the socially and economically advanced communities.

Than why they are on streets crying out loud for reservations ? Where is the fault line lie, what is the driving factor behind these agitations?

  1. An old grievance that Patels have had 30 years ago; Patels agitated against reservation and they felt that they will be left out and others will take the advantage. And it seems that this movement has the same anti-reservation sentiments that the Patels have had at that time.
  2. Ruling party in Gujarat has many Patel leaders and they think that it is their right to have reservations.
  • Now the pattern is that agrarian dominant caste re demanding reservations like Gurjars in Rajasthan, Lingayats in Karnataka, Jats in north India, Marathas in Maharashtra.
  • These castes want to become part of urbanization and want to integrate into modern economy and government jobs. That is context in which all these moments are happening.
  • But this whole situation demands a debate on the Very Reservation Policy in India.
  • It seems that caste based reservation has run its course; it is perhaps the time to change from caste based reservation to economic based reservation. And this might change the very face of the economic reservation policy as instead of backward classes economically deprived would be taken care of through this policy.

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